Women Education is an extremely broad term in itself. It can be defined as all those forms of education that aims at not only increasing the knowledge of girls and women but also emancipating their status. When we talk about female education, India is a country with the lowest female literacy rate in Asia. It is true that various efforts have been taken to educate women from the onset of history. During the British Raj in India, eminent social reformers like Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Raja Ram Mohan Roy and many others fought vigorously for the rights of women and tried their best to spread education among them. Today also, the government and various NGOs continue to make honest efforts to increase the female literacy rate across India but the problem lies somewhere else.
The major problem and backwardness lies in the minds of the people. In order to bring about a change in this mindset, we must target our audiences from the grassroot level. Even in the 21st century, there are many people who question the education of girls. They think that a girl child is born to look after the household chores and she is meant to be in the kitchen. This is one of the major reasons for the high dropout rates in females. Especially, in the rural areas, girls hardly opt for higher education because they are married off at a certain age. It is this notion that needs to be changed so that we can bring about gender equality.
The low literacy rate among the women of India is the root cause of many problems. It continues to hinder the progress and development of the country as half of the population remain uneducated. Lack of education among women contributes to certain severe socio-economic problems like dowry deaths, child marriages, sexual harassments and ill health conditions. It continues to be a major barrier in the upliftment of the status of the women in the society.
Educating women and girls is one of the wisest decisions in both economic and social terms.”You educate a man,You educate a man.You educate a woman; You educate a generation”. The numerous benefits of spreading education among women are as follows.
- Poverty Reduction-Educating women result in the economic progress and development of the society. When the female population of a country is provided with equal rights and opportunities to education, they can also actively contribute towards reducing poverty and the welfare of the society.
- Reduction in Crime Rates against Women-Women are more vulnerable to crimes like rape, dowry deaths, sexual harassment, physical abuse and female foeticide in India. Education is the most significant solution to the above-mentioned problems. An educated woman is aware of her basic rights and the laws. Education equips her to deal with these issues more effectively.
- Enhancement of Women’s Domestic Roles-Education helps a woman to have a positive impact on her family. An educated wife, mother or daughter can get a job and can support her family financially in addition to emotional support from her side. Educated women have greater self-esteem and confidence. They are able to take better care of their children and they also have a better understanding of health and hygiene.
- Smaller Families-In India, women with higher or secondary education have an average of two children. Counterparts with no education have an average of seven children. Educated women are aware of the advantages of family planning.
- Promotes Gender Equality-Spreading education among women also leads to gender equality in the society.It makes her independent and helps her lead a quality life. Education is the key to reducing the gap between the unequal status of men and women in the society.
It is the basic right of every human being to get educated irrespective of their gender. One of the major objectives of our trust is women empowerment and we strongly believe in the fact that a country can progress only if both the men and women are equally educated.
“The hand that rocks the cradle is the hand that rules the world.”-William Ross Wallace