All of us have witnessed cases of child labour and abuse in our everyday lives. Whether it is a small boy working at a tea stall or a girl working as a housemaid, India is home to the largest number of child labourers in the world. Child labour isn’t only about the physical and mental exploitation of the child but it also hinders the basic rights of the child to get educated and live a gleeful childhood.
You will come across various instances of child labour in every nook and corner of India. For instance, the fireworks and matchbox units in Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu employees 45,000 children. In the slate industry of Markapur in Andhra Pradesh, about 3,750 child workers work under extremely poor working conditions for a meagre sum of wage. Around 7,000 to 10,000 children below the age of 14 years work in the lock making industry of Aligarh in Uttar Pradesh. These are only a few examples of how children are exploited in our country in the name of child labour. If you look around you will find countless number of such similar instances.
There is a famous quote that says “There is no reason, there is no excuse, child labour is child abuse.” To suppress their guilt feelings the employers give certain justifications for employing children like they say that work keeps the children away from starvation and helps them support their family and learn a trade.
Child labour is caused by several factors. Some of them are poverty, huge demand for unskilled labourers, the high cost of education and illiteracy. It also has certain long-term impacts on the society like it causes certain health issues among the children, results in loss of a quality childhood and mental trauma among the children who are forced to work in an unhealthy work environment.
The best thing about learning is nobody can take it away from you.The effects of poverty on children are vast and leads to lifelong struggles especially when children don’t receive the basic education.The numerous advantages of spreading literacy among children are as follows;
- It helps in dealing with poverty-Poverty and illiteracy are like two sides of the same coin.One of biggest advantages of educating the less privileged section of the society is that it helps them lead a quality life.Educating the masses also plays a huge role in eradicating poverty.
- Generates Employment-Education and unemployment again goes hand in hand.If the fruits of education can be spread evenly among the population of our country,it helps in generating employment.
- Adds to the overall progress of the nation-Children are the future of our country.Educating children caters to the overall progress and development of a nation.In other words, spreading literacy results to a progressive transformation of the society that we live in.Educating the children also contributes to economic development and increases the GDP of the country.
Next time you see a child begging for money at the traffic signal, don’t give money to him/her. Instead, donate to a charity organization in order to give the child a better future.